History of akagera National Park



Akagera National Pak is found the Northeastern part of the Republic of Rwanda along Rwanda’s national boundary with Tanzania and the nearest largest town the Park is Kibungu which is the perfect starting point for tourist activities in this park.

Today, Akagera Park covers a land area of 1,200 square kilometers and it’s dominated by tiny lakes plus swamps that follow the winding course of River Kagera, which is the most distant headstream of River Nile as well as Lake Victoria’s largest tributary. The different water sources form a spectacular network an amazing eco-system. Worth knowing is that this park was named after the adjacent River Kagera that flows along the park’s eastern boundary.

This national park is surrounded by beautifully cultivated hills that form a breathtaking background perfect for photographs.  Generally, Akagera national Park has a low landscape comprising of broad plains that are covered with grass, shrubs of Euphorbia candelabra similar to cactus and patches of forests. Unlike most parts of Rwanda the terrain here is not hilly and rocky.

The History of Akagera National Park

The Akagera National Park was established back in 1934 primarily to safe guard the wild animals and the varied vegetation. Currently this national park is the biggest protected wetland on the African continent.

Initially Akagera National Park used to cover a land area of more than 2,500 square kilometers however by 1997; its land size had reduced to nearly 50%. Most of the park land was land was actually reallocated to the refugees that were returning into Rwanda following the severe civil war mostly known as the 1994 Rwanda Genocide. Prior to 1997, several refugees settled around this conservation area and they greatly poached the wildlife in the park from which they obtained wild meat as a source of food, and also cultivated.

As a result, the government of Rwanda reduced the size of the park to just half its initial size creating room for people to stay and then protect the other half for wildlife.

Currently, the Akagera National Park is being run and controlled by the Park management together with African Parks a conservation organization, and these are jointly working hard to revive the glory of Akagera Park. The new perimeter-fence together with anti-poaching strategies have made a significant difference to the population of resident wild animals. Although the wildlife in this park is not as much as most renowned national Parks in East Africa, the park offers so much that you will certainly enjoy Akagera safari in Rwanda with sights of different animals (including very large elephant herds, numerous buffaloes and if lucky see some spotted hyenas, lions or even a lion) and birds living in the varied habitats in the park; and also enjoy the breathtaking scenery.